What is Dental Surgery and in Which Situations Is It Applied?

What is Dental Surgery and in Which Situations Is It Applied?

Dental surgery is a branch of dentistry that covers surgical procedures in the mouth and jaw area. Dental surgery is usually performed in the following situations:

1. Tooth extraction: Teeth may need to be extracted due to decay, trauma, jaw structure or orthodontic reasons. Dental surgery ensures that the extraction is performed and the risk of complications is minimized.

2. Dental implants: Dental implants are artificial roots that are placed to replace lost teeth. Dental implants are surgically placed in the jawbone. This process ensures that the implants are placed in the correct position and securely.

3. Soft tissue surgery: If the soft tissues in the mouth (lips, tongue, cheeks, gums) are diseased or abnormal, surgical intervention may be required. Soft tissue surgery may involve removing cancer, cysts, infections, or other tumors.

4. Sinus lift: When planning implant placement in the upper jaw, the sinus cavity may be insufficient. Sinus lift lifts the sinus cavity toward the top of the bone, creating more space for implants to be placed.

5. Jaw correction surgery: Surgical intervention may be required to correct congenital or traumatic anomalies in the jaw structure. This process may include correcting the jaw joints, jaw position, or jaw structure.

6. Periodontal surgery: When periodontal diseases (gum diseases) progress, a gingival pocket may form or the root of the tooth may be exposed. Periodontal surgery is used to treat these conditions. It includes procedures such as correction of gingival tissue, removal of irregularities on the jawbone and correction of tooth root surfaces.

Dental surgery is practiced by dentists as a specialty and is usually performed under local anesthesia. Following pre- and post-operative care instructions is important and may affect the healing process.

1. Tooth Extraction: Process, Anesthesia Options and Post-Care Recommendations

Tooth extraction is the complete extraction of a tooth. The procedure process, anesthesia options and post-care recommendations are explained below:

Process time:

1. First of all, you need to consult a dentist for tooth extraction. The dentist will evaluate the condition of the tooth and determine the necessity of extraction.

2. Before the extraction process, your dentist will inform you about the procedure. Necessary x-rays can be taken and planning will be made for the extraction of the tooth.

3. During the procedure, your dentist will apply local anesthesia. Local anesthesia prevents the feeling of pain by numbing the area where the tooth will be extracted.

4. The dentist will gently shake and pull the tooth using special tools. In some cases, the tooth may need to be split and removed.

5. After the procedure is complete, gauze or sutures can be used to stop the bleeding. Your dentist may give you a gauze pad to hold in your mouth or chew.

Anesthesia Options:

1. Local anesthesia: It is the most commonly used anesthesia method. Local anesthesia with a needle only numbs the area of the tooth to be extracted and prevents you from feeling pain during the procedure.

2. Sedation anesthesia: In some cases, sedation anesthesia may be preferred for patients experiencing anxiety or fear. In this method, a calming effect is provided by drugs and the patient is relieved.

3. General anesthesia: It is a rarely used option and may be preferred for patients with more complex tooth extractions or medical conditions. Under general anesthesia, the patient is unconscious and no pain or consciousness occurs during the procedure.

Aftercare Advice:

1. Your dentist will explain to you in detail the post-extraction care instructions. It is important that you follow these instructions.

2. After the procedure, you can use a sterile gauze or tampon by gently biting it for 20-30 minutes to control bleeding in the mouth.

3. It is very important to use the painkillers recommended by your dentist regularly.

2. Dental implants: Process, Anesthesia Options and Post-Care Recommendations

Dental implants are artificial roots that are placed to replace lost teeth. The procedure process, anesthesia options and post-care recommendations are explained below:

Process time:

1. First of all, you need to consult a dentist for dental implant application. The dentist will evaluate the condition of your jawbone and determine the applicability of the implant.

2. Before the procedure, necessary x-rays and dental tomography can be taken. These images will be used to determine the correct position of the implant.

3. During the procedure, local anesthesia or sedation anesthesia can be used. According to the recommendations of your dentist, the most appropriate anesthesia method is selected for you.

4. The dentist will make an incision in the area where the implant will be placed and create a gap on the jawbone.

5. The implant is placed in the jawbone and is usually closed over the tissue. A temporary prosthesis can be attached to the jawbone during the procedure.

6. A healing period of several months is required for the implant to fuse with the jawbone. During this time, the implant is expected to bond with the bone and form a solid foundation.

7. After the healing process is complete, an abutment is attached to place the denture and a porcelain or composite dental prosthesis is placed on it.

Anesthesia Options:

1. Local anesthesia: It is the most commonly used anesthesia method. Local anesthesia with a needle prevents you from feeling pain during the implant procedure.

2. Sedation anesthesia: In some cases, sedation anesthesia may be preferred for patients experiencing anxiety or fear. In this method, a calming effect is provided by drugs and the patient is relieved.

3. General anesthesia: It is a rarely used option and may be preferred for patients with more complex implant procedures or medical conditions. Under general anesthesia, the patient is unconscious and no pain or consciousness occurs during the procedure.

Maintenance Advice

After the dental implant procedure, it is important to pay attention to the following care recommendations for the healthy healing and longevity of the implant:

1. Pay attention to the healing process: It takes a few months for the implant to fuse with the jawbone. During this time, take care to eat as recommended by your dentist and pay attention to oral hygiene in order for the implant to form a solid foundation.

2. Take care of oral hygiene: Keeping the teeth and gums around the implant clean reduces the risk of infection. Your dentist will give you instructions on using a suitable toothbrush and floss. You can use an antiseptic mouthwash recommended by your dentist to clean the implant area.

3. Make regular check-ups with your dentist: To monitor the healing process and health of the implant, make frequent check-ups as recommended by your dentist. In these controls, the implant and its surroundings will be evaluated, and x-rays will be taken when necessary.

4. Avoid hard and sticky foods: After the implant procedure, it is important to avoid hard and sticky foods that can strain the implant site. Excessive pressure on the implant during the chewing process may cause damage to the implant.

5. Limit smoking and alcohol use: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can interfere with successful implant healing. Therefore, it is recommended not to smoke and limit alcohol consumption after the implant procedure.

6. Contact your dentist in case of any problem: If you encounter any problem such as pain, swelling, bleeding or loosening of the implant at the implant site, contact your dentist immediately. Early intervention can prevent the problem from becoming more serious.

Remember, dental implants can be a long-lasting solution, but regular care and compliance with your dentist’s instructions are important. Your dentist can give you specific instructions regarding implant care, so it’s important to follow his recommendations.

Aesthetic Dental Surgery

Aesthetic dental surgery covers surgical procedures performed to improve the appearance and aesthetics of teeth and gums. Aesthetic dental surgery can be applied for the following conditions:

1. Teeth whitening: It is an aesthetic dental surgery method used to lighten the color of the teeth and achieve a whiter appearance. Teeth whitening can be applied to remove stains or restore the natural whiteness of the teeth.

2. Laminate veneer application: Laminate veneers are thin porcelain or composite coatings placed on the front surface of the teeth. These veneers provide an aesthetic smile by improving the color, shape and size of the teeth.

3. Porcelain crowns: Porcelain crowns are porcelain veneers that cover all or most of the teeth. Porcelain crowns improve the shape, size and color of the teeth while also providing durability.

4. Dental implants: It is a dental surgery method used to eliminate tooth deficiencies and provide an aesthetic smile. Dental implants are artificial roots placed in the jawbone and porcelain dental prostheses are placed on them.

5. Gum aesthetics: Gum aesthetics includes correcting the gum line and improving the shape and size of the gum tissue. Gum aesthetic procedures provide a more balanced and aesthetic appearance to the teeth.

Aesthetic dental surgery is a branch applied to achieve a more beautiful smile and increase self-confidence. These procedures are performed by dentists and aesthetic dental surgeons. The choice of procedure is determined by the needs and wishes of the patient and is usually performed under local anesthesia. The healing process and care instructions may vary depending on the type of procedure and your doctor will give you detailed information.

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